Deer-Resistant and Drought-Tolerant Plants in The Demonstration Gardens at Falkirk

By: Elizabeth Navas Finley

Elizabeth Navas Finley has written on gardening, design, and horticulture for the San Francisco Chronicle and numerous magazines. A garden…

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As a complement to Elizabeth Navas Finley’s article about the Master Gardener demonstration gardens at Falkirk Cultural Center, which appears in the October 2010 issue of Pacific Horticulture, we offer the following additional photographs of the gardens and lists of plants that have proven successful there under minimal irrigation and in the presence of deer. The lists were assembled by Gail Mason, who was in charge of developing the gardens for plants from regions that have a mediterranean climate, including California.

CALIFORNIA and BAJA CALIFORNIA

Agave ‘Blue Glow’ Northern Mexico
Squid agave (Agave bracteosa) Northern Mexico
Twin-flowered agave (Agave geminiflora) Baja
Confederate rose agave (Agave parrasana) Northern Mexico
Western columbine (Aquilegia formosa) California
Dr Hurd manzanita (Arctostaphylos ‘Dr. Hurd’) California
Emerald Carpet manzanita (Arctostaphylos ‘Emerald Carpet’) California
Howard McMinn manzanita (Arctostaphylos ‘Howard McMinn’) California
Pacific Mist manzanita (Arctostaphylos ‘Pacific Mist’) California
Sunset manzanita (Arctostaphylos ‘Sunset’) California
California Dutchman’s pipe (Aristolochia californica) California
Dwarf coyote brush (Baccharis pilularis ‘Twin Peaks’) California
California morning glory (Calystegia macrostegia) California
Berkeley sedge (Carex divulsa) California
Cuphea cyanea ‘Copper Cricket’ Mexico
Desert spoon (Dasylirion wheeleri) Baja California
Lanceleaf liveforever (Dudleya lanceolata) Southern California/Mexico
California fuchsia (Eplobium canum ‘Calistoga’) California
St Catherine’s lace (Eriogonum giganteum) California
California fescue (Festuca californica) California
Mother-of-pearl plant (Graptopetalum paraguayense ‘Pinky’) Baja/Southwest US
Red yucca (Hesperaloe parviflora) Baja/Southwest US
Island alum root (Heuchera maxima) California
Golden lupine (Lupinus densiflorus var. aureus) California
Sticky monkey flower (Mimulus aurantiacus) California
Calico monkey flower (Mimulus pictus) California
Deer grass (Muhlenbergia rigens) California
Purple needlegrass (Nassella pulchra) California
Bear grass (Nolina microcarpa & N. parryi) California/Baja California
Ponytail palm (Nolina recurvata) Northern Mexico
Penstemon hartwegii ‘Tubular Bells Red’ Garden origin
Foothill penstemon (Penstemon heterophyllus) California
Showy penstemon (Penstemon spectabilis) California
Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica) California
Golden currant (Ribes aureum) California
Saurauia madrensis Mexico
Cleveland sage (Salvia clevelandii) California
Salvia gesneriifora ‘Tequila’ Northern Mexico
Purple sage (Salvia leucophylla) California
Salvia mexicana ‘Limelight’ Mexico
Royal purple sage (Salvia muelleri) California
Sonoma sage (Salvia sonomensis) California
Hummingbird sage (Salvia spathacea) California
Soapweed (Yucca glauca) Central US

MEDITERRANEAN BASIN

Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) Southern Europe
Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) Southern Europe
Cistus x dansereaui ‘Jenkyn Place’ Garden origin
Rockrose (Cistus populifolius subsp. major) Western Europe
Sageleaf rockrose (Cistus salviifolius ‘Prostratus’) Southern Europe
Magenta rockrose (Cistus ‘Sunset’) Southern Europe
Spurge (Euphorbia ceratocarpa) Italy
Glacier Blue spurge (Euphorbia characias ‘Glacier Blue’) Garden origin
Spurge (Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii) Southern Europe
Spurge (Euphorbia x martinii) Europe
Ascot Rainbow spurge (Euphorbia x martinii ‘Ascot Rainbow’) Garden origin
Lavendula stoechas ‘Lutsko’s Dwarf’ France
Catmint (Nepeta tuberosa) Southern Europe
Dwarf olive (Olea europaea LITTLE OLLIE) Garden origin
Rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis) Southern Europe
Tree sonchus (Sonchus canariensis) Canary Islands

SOUTH AFRICA

Aloe brevifolia South Africa
Jeweled aloe (Aloe distans) South Africa
Cape aloe (Aloe ferox) South Africa
Mosiac aloe (Aloe harlana) Ethiopia
Aloe ‘Hercules’ South Africa
Fan aloe (Aloe plicatilis) South Africa
Partridge breast aloe (Aloe variegata) South Africa
Aloe wickensii South Africa
Red pagoda (Crassula corymbulosa) South Africa
Crassula erosula ‘Campfire’ South Africa
Crassula lycopodioides South Africa
Hardy iceplant (Delosperma nubigenum) South Africa
Wandflower (Dierama reynoldsii) South Africa
African iris (Dietes) South Africa
South African heath (Erica versicolor) South Africa
African rosemary (Eriocephalus africanus) South Africa
Iceplant (Jordaaniella dubia) South Africa
Red hot pokers (Kniphofia spp.) South Africa
Lion’s tail (Leonotis menthifolia) South Africa
Silver tree (Leucadendron argenteum) South Africa
Leucadendron linifolium South Africa
Conebush (Leucadendron salignum ‘Winter Red’) South Africa
Leucadendron ‘Safari Sunset’ Garden origin
Sun conebush (Leucadendron sessile) South Africa
Leucadendron ‘Jester’ Garden origin
Pajama bush (Lobostemon fruticosus) South Africa
Honey bush (Melianthus major) South Africa
Protea ‘Clark’s Red’ South Africa
Weeping blue broom (Psoralea fleta) South Africa
Kool-Aid bush (Psoralea pinnata) South Africa
Beach salvia (Salvia africana-lutea) South Africa
Senecio mandraliscae South Africa
Senecio scaposus South Africa
Bird-of-paradise (Strelitzia reginae) South Africa
Cape honeysuckle (Tecomaria capensis) South Africa

AUSTRALIA and NEW ZEALAND

Snowy River wattle (Acacia boormanii) SE Australia
River wattle (Acacia cognata) SE Australia
Blue bush (Acacia covenyi) SE Australia
Knife acacia (Acacia cultriformis) Eastern Australia
Flax wattle (Acacia linifolia) Eastern Australia
Hairy wattle (Acacia vestita) SE Australia
Woollybush (Adenoanthos sericeus) Western Australia
Willow peppermint (Agonis flexuosa ‘Jervis Bay Afterdark’) Garden origin
Kangaroo paws (Anigozanthos flavidus) Western Australia
Red and green kangaroo paws (Anigozanthos manglesii) Western Australia
Coast banksia (Banksia integrifolia) Eastern Australia
Banksia menziesii ‘Raspberry Frost’ Western Australia
Groundcover banksia (Banksia blechnifolia) Western Australia
Dwarf bottlebrush (Callistemon ‘Little John’) Eastern Australia
Orange sedge (Carex testacea) New Zealand
Waxflower (Chamelaucium uncinatam) Western Australia
Coprosma acerosa ‘Hawera’ New Zealand
Correa ‘Dusky Bells’ Garden origin
Correa alba var. pannosa ‘Western Pink Star’ Southern Australia
Australian fuchsia (Correa pulchella) Southern Australia
Correa pulchella ‘Pink Mist’ Southern Australia
Grevillea ‘Bonfire’ Garden origin
Grevillea ‘Constance’ Garden origin
Grevillea x gaudichaudii Eastern Australia
Grevillea lanigera ‘Coastal Gem’ SE Australia
Grevillea ‘Red Hooks’ Garden origin
Grevillea sericea ‘Collaroy Plateau’ Eastern Australia
Grevillea ‘Superb’ Garden origin
Grevillea ‘White Wings’ Garden origin
Hardenbergia violacea ‘Happy Wanderer’ SE Australia
Hebe New Zealand
Leptospermum scoparium ‘Ruby Glow’ Garden origin
Dwarf mat rush (Lomandra longifolia ‘Breeze’) Eastern Australia
Long-leaf wax flower (Philotheca myoporoides ‘Profusion’) SE Australia
New Zealand flax (Phormium) New Zealand
Mint bush (Prostanthera rotundifolia) Eastern Australia
Prostanthera ‘Poorinda Bride’ Garden origin
Bush peas (Pultenaea) Australia
Australian bluebells (Sollya heterophylla) Eastern Australia
New Zealand feather grass (Stipa arundinacea) New Zealand
Red hook sedge (Uncina rubra) New Zealand
Westringia fruticosa ‘Morning Light’ Eastern Australia
Westringia fruticosa ‘Smokey’ Eastern Australia

CHILE and SOUTH AMERICA:

Peruvian lily (Alstroemeria) Garden origin
Lemon verbena (Aloysia triphylla) Chile
Butterfly weed (Asclepias curassavica ‘Wildfire’) South America
Variegated boxleaf azara (Azara microphylla ‘Variegata’) Chile
Darwin’s barberry (Berberis darwinii) Chile
Angel’s trumpet (Brugmansia ‘Charles Grimaldi’) Garden origin
Rock purslane (Calandrinia grandiflora) Chile
Calceolaria arachnoidea Chile
Sacred flower of the Incas (Cantua buxifolia) South America
Cereus forbesii monstrose ‘Ming Thing’ Bolivia
Dicliptera suberecta Uruguay
Winter’s bark (Drimys winteri) Chile
Iochroma cyaneum ‘Plum Beauty’ Garden origin
Chilean lobelia (Lobelia excelsa) Chile
Devil’s tobacco (Lobelia tupa) Chile
Mayten tree (Maytenus magellanica) Chile
Chagual (Puya chilensis) Chile
Silver puya (Puya coerulea) Chile
Chagualillo (Puya venusta) Chile
Red velvet sage (Salvia confertiflora) Brazil
Chilean potato bush (Solanum crispum ‘Glasnevin’) Garden origin
Oreganillo (Stachys grandidentata) Chile
Chilean guava (Ugni molinae) Chile

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